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Aaron M. Sprecher/AFP/Getty Images(AUSTIN, Texas) -- Texas has been hit by devastating storms over the past week, with at least 19 people dead and eight missing after the ensuing floods. But animal victims were also left in a desperate position.

Pet shelters across the affected region faced flooded and overcrowded conditions.

When the Town Lake Animal Shelter in Austin and partner nonprofit Austin Pets Alive! had to evacuate nearly 60 dogs to the Austin Animal Center, the centers took to social media for help.

Already inundated with lost and stray animals from the storm, plus the evacuated pets from the Town Lake Animal Shelter, dogs and cats were in desperate need of homes. The shelter was over capacity by about 140 animals Monday.

The Texas community answered with an outpouring of support.

Volunteers lined up to foster animals needing a dry place to sleep. Nearly 100 people showed up to the Town Lake Animal Shelter and 40 people temporarily sheltered cats and dogs at the main Austin Animal Center facility. They also brought towels, blankets and supplies.

Other shelters in Texas faced similar problems. After the tornado on Sunday, the Houston SPCA provided support for pets sheltered with owners at the Chinese Community Center.

“Due to the severe weather, there have been a lot of stray animals caught in precarious situations,” said Lisa Rotter, the shelter’s community outreach manager. And with staff stretched thin, Rotter said volunteers stepped in to help with daily function of the shelter even the day after the initial flooding.

Even as flood waters start to recede, The Austin Animal Center had a record intake Wednesday with 122 dogs and cats coming into the shelter. Now, shelters are attempting to reunite pets lost during the floods with their owners.

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Pictac/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) – When Tricia Salese called her local pharmacy for a price check on her next prescription refill, she was stunned when the pharmacist told her the cost of her generic-brand pain medication had gone up again.

Salese, 49, started talking fentanyl citrate, the generic version of Actiq, a powerful painkiller, in 2010, and she takes three doses per day. Back then, she said, the price per dose was 50 cents. Now, the pharmacist told her, it was going to cost her $37.49 per dose.

“I thought $25 [per dose for generics] was a lot. $37 is just -- what is this stuff made of? I mean, this is ridiculous,” Salese said.

Salese takes fentanyl citrate to help her function with endometriosis, a chronic disease where the lining of the uterus grows outside of the womb and causes lesions that can worsen over time. The condition leaves her in constant, crippling pain and this medication is not covered by her insurance. With the cost going up, Salese said she’s had to dip into her retirement savings to pay for her prescriptions.

The staggering cost of some generic brand drugs has led patients and pharmacists across the country to ask questions about alarming price increases on certain drugs -- the once reliably low-cost copies of the more expensive branded products.

In the span of one year, from 2012 to 2013, the cost of the generic blood pressure medication captopril jumped more than 2,700 percent, the asthma drug albuterol sulfate went up more than 3,400 percent and the antibiotic doxycycline jumped a whopping 6,300 percent, according to National Average Drug Acquisition Cost (NADAC) statistics.

“My customers walk away silent, in shock,” said Aniedi Etuk, who has been a pharmacist for 12 years. “Some of them have to choose between taking their drugs and buying food for their family.”

In the past, when a branded drug lost its patent, generics entered the market and prices plummeted, saving the American health care system billions of dollars. Generics have served to help make drugs affordable, but now, prices are trending the other way.

Jonathan Alpern is the chief resident of internal medicine at Regions Hospital in St. Paul, Minnesota, and was one of the co-authors of a New England Journal of Medicine article that helped bring the issue to light.

"One of the things that’s difficult with all of this is transparency," Alpern said. "So when the prices go up, it’s nice for providers and patients to know first of all -- what drugs are going up and why. It was really hard to find out that information... [and] I was initially shocked and when we started to see that this was happening to multiple other common drugs."

Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., a Democratic presidential candidate, places the blame for rising costs on drug makers and the robust prescription drug lobby.

“The short answer is greed,” Sanders said. “They can do it. They can get away with it. They can make outrageous sums of profits and money on this and that’s what they’re doing.”

Last week, Sanders, along with Rep. Elijah Cummings, D-Md., introduced a new bill aimed at curbing generic drug prices.

“Our job in Congress is to say to these drug companies, 'You can’t keep ripping off the American people,'” Sanders said. “'You can’t force folks to be in a situation where they can’t purchase the medicine they desperately need.' That’s what we should be doing.”

The U.S. is currently one of a few developed countries that doesn't negotiate prices with the pharmaceutical industry, Sanders said. Current federal law prohibits Medicare from negotiating lower prices with drug companies. Although Sanders's new proposal won’t give the federal government the power to do so, it will require generic drug makers to pay Medicaid a rebate any time prices rise above and beyond inflation. Brand name drug makers already do this.

Profit is no doubt a driving force in the recent price spike of generics. But experts say prices can also rise for other reasons, including raw material shortages, manufacturing disruptions because of factory closings or violations, or companies leaving the market or merging with competitors. All of those factors reduce supply and competition. Drug companies argue that another factor is that the FDA has been slow to approve the thousands of generic drugs currently in its backlog.

Ralph G. Neas, the president and chief executive of the Generic Pharmaceutical Association, told ABC News' Nightline in a statement that “some short-term cost fluctuations may occur for individual products facing unique circumstances,” but that the generally lower cost of generic drugs brings value that is “consistent and irrefutable.”

There are signs that regulators are cracking down on rising prices. Last year, the U.S. Department of Justice issued grand jury subpoenas to three drug makers in relation to price spikes and, just last month, the Department of Health and Human Services also agreed to investigate price spikes.

Watch the full story on "Nightline" Thursday night at 12:35 a.m. ET

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Stacey Newman/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- If you're about to have a baby, please don't name him Billion. The experts implore you.

Citing data from the Social Security Department's Extended Name List, popular baby-naming site Nameberry has listed their picks for the 12 worst names.

"Swastik has to be the very worst, but Ruckus is right down there," said Pamela Redmond Satran, a Nameberry baby-naming expert.

Someone named their child Swastik? Not just one person -- to make the list, at least five babies had to be given this name for the first time in 2014. So a minimum of five people thought that was a good idea.

The Dirty Dozen:


Billion


"Cash is an up-and-coming baby name, and Rich has been around for decades," Nameberry said. "So how about coming out and naming a number? Billion was used for five baby boys for the first time this year, though there were also 11 boys named Million and babies of both sexes named Amillion."

Common

"If you are choosing a highly unusual name to help your child stand out from the crowd, this one does anything but."

Dagger

"Where will the trend for Bad Boy names end? Dagger is one of the new violent names added to the lexicon this year," Nameberry said.

Lay

The site said Lay was a name given to seven baby girls last year.

Londynne


Nameberry said London's been popular in recent years, and with "such popularity inevitably spawns spelling variations."

Mickinley


There were also five girls named Kennydi.

Payzley


It's another target "for spelling adventurists," Nameberry said.

Royaltee

"We’re not sure that new choices such as Royaltee, Royalti, and Royel set quite the right blueblood tone."

Ruckus

Given to eight babies in 2014.

Sadman

Nameberry called it "as grating as the “uplifting” new names like Excel (seven girls) or Legendary (five boys)."

Swastik

Given to seven boys.

Wimberly

"Wimberley is a particularly entertaining member of the kind of new name introduced by parents looking to improve on an original by giving it a new first initial, or switching a few letters or sounds around."


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Photo by Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- Anthrax is again making headlines after Pentagon officials announced Wednesday that the U.S. military had inadvertently sent live spores to laboratories in nine states and South Korea.

At least 22 people at Osan Air Base in South Korea are being monitored and were given precautionary medical measures because they "may have been exposed" to the spores during a training event, according to a statement from the air base.

Here's a guide to anthrax to explain how someone can get infected and how it can be stopped or treated.

What Causes Anthrax?


Anthrax is caused by a bacteria called Bacillus anthracis that forms naturally in the soil, where it can remain dormant for decades, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Animals such as cows or sheep are normally affected, though in rare cases people can be infected as well if they come into contact with the spores in the dirt or through food. In rare cases, the bacteria has infected a person after being injected. Once the spores enter the body through the respiratory tract, digestive tract or through the skin, the spores can become active and start to multiply.

It's most commonly found in areas of Central and South America, sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, southern and eastern Europe, and the Caribbean, according to the CDC.

What Are the Symptoms?

Those people who were possibly exposed to spores at laboratories would be at highest risk for inhaling spores, which could result in respiratory distress as the bacteria multiply. This type of anthrax infection is considered the most dangerous form of the disease with just 10 to 15 percent of untreated people surviving, according to the CDC.

Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, explained the bacteria can cause an "intoxication" by releasing toxins into the body.

"It can cause a severe illness associated with fluid accumulated in the lungs," said Schaffner. "The anthrax bacteria multiplies and lets loose these toxins."

Once in the lungs, the bacteria can start to release toxins in the lungs that can lead to fluid build-up and even death. An incubation period can last from one day to two months, as the bacteria continue to grow.

Should the bacteria reach a certain point they can infect tissue or enter the blood stream and cause sepsis. Symptoms include fever chills, shortness of breath and dizziness.

Those exposed to anthrax can develop different symptoms depending on if the spores are inhaled, digested, injected with a needle or affect the skin.

What Can You Do If You're Exposed to Anthrax


Those exposed to spores can be put on post-exposure prophylaxis, which can consist of 60 days of antibiotics with three doses of an anthrax vaccine.

In addition to those at risk for exposure, the vaccine is available to those exposed to spores. The vaccine can stimulate antibody production that provides protection after the person stops taking antibiotics and protect a patient from dormant spores that may remain in the body.

Those who may have been exposed at Osan Air Base were given precautionary measures, including examinations, antibiotics and in some instances, vaccinations, according to a statement from the base.

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Photo Illustration by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- When it comes to treating HIV, the sooner, the better. That’s the latest from a large-scale National Institutes of Health study released Wednesday.

The study found that even patients in the early stages of HIV diagnosis, with relatively healthy immune systems, reduced their risk of death by more than half when put on antiretroviral drugs. Being put on medication when their immune systems were stronger also reduced patients’ risk of developing full-blown AIDS.

“We now have clear-cut proof that it is of significantly greater health benefit to an HIV-infected person to start antiretroviral therapy sooner rather than later,” said Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at NIH. 

Findings held true for participants around the globe, with investigators finding similar results in both low- and high-income countries.

Because of the new findings, the NIH is changing their HIV treatment recommendations.

“We now have strong evidence that early treatment is beneficial to the HIV-positive person. These results support treating everyone," said Dr. Jens Lundgren of the University of Copenhagen, one of the co-chairs of the study.

The study overturns older thinking about HIV treatment, which was that the toxic side effects of antiretroviral drugs should be avoided until a patient’s immune system started to suffer.

Side effects for going on antiretroviral drugs can be severe, including bone death and heart disease -- in addition to a lifetime of daily pill schedules. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 1.2 million Americans are living with HIV.

Taking antiretroviral drugs has also been proven to reduce risk of transmitting HIV to uninfected sexual partners. Based on these interim results, all of the study participants are being offered antiretroviral treatment if they’re not already on it. The international four-year study will continue until 2016.

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California Thunder via KABC(NEW YORK) -- A California softball player has died days after having a brain aneurysm on the field.

Dana Housley was playing in a game Saturday when she reportedly told her coach she felt dizzy and collapsed. Family and teammates had held out hope that the 15-year-old player would survive the traumatic event.

Housley’s family announced Wednesday night the teen had died.

“Tonight our beautiful Dana chose to go with the Lord,” the family said in a statement posted by Housley’s softball team, the California Thunder, based in Covina, California. “We don't yet understand his plan for her, but she will make a perfect angel.”

Housley’s teammates had created a hashtag #prayfordana to support the teen and draw attention to her case. Housley's parents thanked her teammates for their support.

"We will feel pain and emptiness at the loss of our baby girl, but we won't have to feel it alone," the teen's parents said in a statement. "We will not forget your love, prayers, and support, nor will we ever forget the wonderful memories of our little girl, Dana Housley #21."

Her coach, Angelo Michaels, told ABC News station KABC-TV in Los Angeles, that Housley was a “spectacular” player.

“She never had an off day,” Michaels told KABC. “I don’t mean on the softball field I mean she just always had a smile, always gave 110 percent and great teammate.”

The team put up a message on its Twitter account Thursday mourning Housley.

A brain aneurysm occurs when a spot on a cranial artery weakens and starts to bulge out. If the aneurysm ruptures it can cause stroke, brain damage or death.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The treadmill is back. The once-monotonous machine is finding its groove again.

The machine is making a comeback in fitness classes, and celebrities including Heidi Klum, Shakira and Zoe Saldana are sprinting their way to great shape on treadmills.

Fitness experts Anna Kaiser, Alycia Stevenin and David Siik appeared on ABC's Good Morning America Thursday to talk about the benefits of treadmill workouts.

Kaiser is a celebrity trainer and founder of AKT InMotion, and her new AKTread puts strength training choreography on the treadmill. Stevenin is a master trainer at Barry’s Bootcamp, and Siik is an Equinox instructor and creator of Precision Running.

They shared the following extra tips that you can use at home or in the gym:

Kaiser’s Tips

HIIT It!

Start in a lunge position, with your right leg out in front of the left. Place the opposite arm next to the front foot. The other arm should be back in the air pointing toward the back leg. Then, in one fluid movement, jump up straight, pulling the left leg out and in front. Bring the right foot up to meet it. Lift your body up as tall as possible, and end on your tiptoes. Swing your arms as you lift your body for momentum, ending with them in an L position at the top of the move. Then, jump back into the starting lunge position, starting with putting the right leg in place, and then following with the left leg.

Up and Over

Start walking on the treadmill at 3.5 mph with hands gripping on each handlebar. Lift your body into the air by putting all your weight on your arms, and straightening them completely. At the same time, move your legs in a running motion in the air, lifting knees as high as you can to your chest. Set your feet back down, take one step on the moving treadmill, and repeat the slow, controlled jumping motion with the opposite leg in front. Repeat this movement for 60 seconds.

Switch Jumps

Stand with legs shoulder-width apart, slightly bent. Lean forward with your torso, with your left arm crossed in front of your body, and the right straight out behind you. Wind up your arms, and swing them in and out as you jump straight up into the air and turn your body to the left. The move is basically jumping through the air and switching the way you’re facing, while switching the arms from bent to straight a few times to propel you. This move will get you sweaty, fast. Do 20 jumps, switching sides. After completing one of the other strengthening moves, do another set of 20 Switch Jumps.

Single Leg Teaser

Lie flat on the ground with your legs out straight and arms stretched out straight behind your head. Squeeze your core and keep your belly button tight to your spine, being careful not to arch your back. Slowly, roll your body up, keeping your core engaged, and as you do so, bring your right knee into your chest. Grab your knee and hold for a second or two. Roll back down to starting position. Repeat 10 times on the right. Then do the same 10 times on the left.

Oblique Twist

Sit in a V position, with your legs up in the air, together and bent, torso and chest lifted, and your arms back out behind you and to the side resting on the ground for support. Keep your abs engaged, and be sure not to arch your lower back. Slowly twist your torso to the right, straighten out your right leg in front of you, and cross your left over the top to your right side. Bring legs back to center. Repeat this scissor motion to the right 20 times. Repeat 20 times on the left.

Side Cincher

Get into a side plank position on your left side. Instead of stacking the right foot on top of the left, bend the leg and rest your foot on the ground behind your body. Hold your right arm out high and slightly curved above your head. Next, kick the right leg out in front of your body, and move your arm down and back, reaching far out behind your body. Move back to the starting position. Repeat the kicking movement 10-15 times. Switch sides and repeat on opposite leg.

Stevenin’s Tips

Here's a 20-minute treadmill routine from Stevenin:

Warm Up Section

5 minute jog at speed 5.0 - 6.0, incline at 0.0 (warm-up section)

Incline Run Section

1 minute: increase speed by 1.0, incline at 0.0

1 minute: decrease speed to 5.0 - 6.0, incline 0.0

1 minute: maintain speed, increase incline to 5.0

1 minute: increase speed to 7.0 - 9.0, maintain 5.0 incline

30 seconds: recover, walking speed is 2.5 - 4.0, incline is 0.0

30 seconds: increase speed to 5.0 - 6.0, incline 10.0

30 seconds: increase speed to 7.0 - 9.0, maintain 10.0 incline

1 minute: recover, walking speed is 2.5 - 4.0, incline is 0.0

Speed Run Section: incline is 0.0 entire time

1 minute: jogging speed of 5.0 - 6.0

1 minute: increase speed to 7.0 - 9.0

30 seconds: jogging speed of 5.0 - 6.0

30 seconds: sprint at 8.5 speed or higher

30 seconds: recover, walking speed is 2.5 - 4.0

1 minute: increase speed to 7.0 - 9.0

30 seconds: jogging speed of 5.0 - 6.0

30 seconds: sprint at 8.5 speed or higher

30 seconds: recover, walking speed is 2.5 - 4.0

30 seconds: sprint at 8.5 of higher

30 seconds: recover, walking speed is 2.5 - 4.0

1 minute: sprint at 8.5 of higher

30 seconds: recover!

Siik’s Tips

Form. Get away from the front of your treadmill. Also be sure to not swing your arms across centerline -- keep arm drive parallel to legs. It counterbalances forces for a healthier back and hips as well as works your core into a tighter leaner stomach.

Incline. There's no need to keep sprinting on steep inclines. Instead, find a balance of speed and incline and keep fastest speeds on inclines under 6 percent. You also must do some incline, as well as flat, for balance.

Recovery. Be diligent. Make your recovery as exact and meaningful as your interval.

Distraction. Do not be on your phone checking emails and texting. Put it down and focus on the workout. It will go by faster and you'll enjoy it so much more.

Consistency. Never give up the run. Amazing results in running come with consistency. Just one to three days a week can turn your entire fitness life right around.

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Dmitrii Kotin/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The FBI is investigating whether Johnson and Johnson was aware that a surgical device it manufactured could spread cancer in the women on whom it is used.

Johnson and Johnson is one of the leading manufacturers of the power morcellator -- a surgical device that breaks down growths in the uterus so that they can be easily removed. However, in as many as one out of every 350 cases, an unknown cancer is hidden within growths, and the device could potentially worsen the condition.

Johnson and Johnson may have been alerted to to the risks as early as 2006. The company didn't remove the device from the market, however, until July 2014. In November of that year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration implemented its most serious warning on the device.

In that FDA warning, the agency noted that the device could "significantly [worsen] the patient's long-term survival."

The agency urged against the use of power morcellators.

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csakisti/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The National Safety Council issued a warning on traffic fatalities on Wednesday, noting that each of the past six months has seen higher numbers of traffic deaths than the same month last year.

That trend, the NSC says, is expected to last into the summer, a period it calls the "100 deadly days." Between Memorial Day and Labor Day, the three-month stretch of danger has claimed 48,759 lives since 2010, the council notes.

"While the statistics point out a dangerous trend, we have the ability to influence outcomes through our choices and behavior," Deborah A.P. Hersman, president and CEO of the NSC said. "Summer is typically a high-exposure period with lots of miles driven and several long holiday weekends," she said, urging drivers to "take your responsibilities behind the wheel this summer seriously and ensure that you get to your destination safely."

The NSC blames an improving economy for an 11 percent increase in fatal car crashes over the last three months. Lower gas prices and lower unemployment rates often lead to more traffic, the council explains. Additionally, speeding and drinking while driving become more common during the summer.

The council urges drivers and passengers to use their seatbelts, designate an alcohol- and drug-free driver, get plenty of sleep, avoid using a cell phone behind the wheel and learning how to use their vehicles' safety systems.

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Fuse/Thinkstock(UNION COUNTY, N.C.) -- North Carolina health officials have yet to find an explanation for a mysterious illness suspected of contributing to about one-third of students at an elementary school staying home Friday.

Officials said they believe many of the students who were absent stayed home because of the disease that is under investigation.

At least 160 students and 11 staff members of the Shiloh Elementary School in Union County, North Carolina, were out Friday, sending officials from the human services department in Union County into action, according to a department official.

Richard Matens, executive director of Human Services at Union County, said Wednesday that not everyone absent likely developed the illness, but the large number of illnesses was troubling. He said only one person had visited an emergency room after exhibiting symptoms but no one had been hospitalized. The symptoms included vomiting and diarrhea.

Tahira Stalberte, chief communications officer for the Union County School District, said school officials knew of 30 children and 10 staff members who had symptoms Friday. She said some of the “absent” students were actually picked up by their parents during the day.

Health officials did not have a definitive number of people who had symptoms, but an online survey from the human services department was made available to those who felt ill over the weekend and it was filled out 179 times, Matens said.

Third-grader Matthew Parola was one of those sickened and told ABC News affiliate WSOC-TV in Charlotte he had been "scared because I thought I had a virus or something."

Matthew was back at school on Tuesday after the holiday weekend.

Matens told ABC News students’ family members have started to also come down with symptoms, suggesting the disease is a virus that can spread from person to person.

"Everything is hinting toward it’s viral in nature ... because family members are getting it," he said.

Matens said the illness has been lasting one to two days on average, but that more people are still getting sick. He said samples had been sent to a lab for examination.

"It’s probably the largest event in a single school that I have seen," he told WSOC-TV.

The elementary school underwent a deep clean over Memorial Day weekend, in an effort to calm the fears of students and staff returning on Tuesday. Matens said about 45 children were absent Tuesday, adding he did not know whether they were all ill or absent for other reasons. There are 500 to 600 students enrolled at the school, according to Matens.

Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, said if all the children got sick at the same time, there could be a "single source" contaminant such as food, which can be tainted with a communicable virus.

Additionally, he said there's a chance that the gastrointestinal norovirus could be the cause of the outbreak because of how quickly it spread and the symptoms of the illness.

"Norovirus is spread very, very readily," said Schaffner, who is not investigating the outbreak. "Some of these kids may have had something that brought them together like a church … that took place outside of the school.”


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carlosbezz/iStock/Thinkstock(WATERBURY, Vt.) -- Everyone knows that "an apple a day keeps the doctor away," but Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin announced on Wednesday a new program that will have doctors prescribing visits to state parks instead of apples.

Under the new "Park Prescription" program, doctors all around the state of Vermont will prescribe their patients time outdoors. Those prescriptions, meant to promote healthy lifestyles and prevent chronic health issues, will entitle the patient to free entry at any state park.

"We all know that one of the best ways to stay healthy is to stay active," Shumlin said in a statement. "Luckily we live in Vermont and are surrounded by natural resources that make staying active easy and fun."

"Listen to your doctor and get outside this summer!" Shumlin added.

In his statement, Shumlin notes American Heart Association suggestions that adults gets 150 minutes per week of moderate exercise.

"The Park Prescription program is a perfect way to highlight the connection between outdoor recreation and personal health," Director of Vermont State Parks Craig Whipple said. "Spending time outdoors, connecting with nature and being active all help keep us strong in both body and spirit."

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Comstock/Stockbyte/Thinkstock(IDAHO CITY, Idaho) -- A man who went on an all-terrain vehicle ride with friends over Memorial Day Weekend is now recovering from what could have been a life-threatening incident.

Ryan Cross was with friends on a camping trip near Idaho City, Idaho, when they came across an unexpected storm on Sunday.

"They were riding, and it started raining and then all of a sudden it started hailing pretty heavily so they stopped," his wife, Heather Cross, told ABC affiliate KTVB.

"Ryan got off his four wheeler went under a tree to protect himself from the hail, leaned up against a tree, was looking at a map on his phone, and that is when it all happened," she said.

Cross was with two friends when the lightning struck him, and the way in which they were standing impacted their different reactions. One friend was still sitting on the four-wheeler when it struck and he reportedly felt a ringing in his ears, but the other had one foot on the ground and so he got hit indirectly, according to KTVB.

One of the friends was reportedly unconscious momentarily but then came to and was able to run to people in a nearby SUV and they were able to use the car's OnStar system to call for help.

"That helped save his life," she said to KTVB.

Heather Cross told KTVB that the bolt of lightning entered through her husband's head and exited at some point in his back. He had bleeding in his brain as a result of the injury but he is reportedly recovering and has started to walk again.


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Piotr Marcinski/iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Wednesday approved a pair of treatments for irritable bowel syndrome.

Viberzi and Xifaxan, medications manufactured by two different companies, can be used, the FDA says, in adult men and women to treat IBS with diarrhea. The National Institutes of Health says that IBS affects 10 to 15 percent of American adults.

"For some people, IBS can be quite disabling,  and no one medication works for all patients suffering from this gastrointestinal disorder," Julie Beitz, director of the Office of Drug Evaluation in FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research said in a statement. "The approval of two new therapies underscores the FDA's commitment to providing additional treatment options for IBS patients and their doctors."

The two new treatments work differently, with Viberzi taken twice daily with food, whereas Xifaxan would be taken three times daily for a 14-day treatment cycle.

Both drugs were deemed safe by the FDA, with minor side effects including constipation, nausea and abdominal pain.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Increases in the rates of three major sexually transmitted diseases in Rhode Island have led local health officials to warn that high-risk behaviors could be to blame, including the use of social media to “arrange casual and often anonymous sexual encounters."

Among the statistics, HIV rates have risen 33 percent, gonorrhea cases are up 30 percent and syphilis cases are up a whopping 79 percent.

"These data send a clear signal that despite the progress we have made in reducing STDs and HIV over the years, there is more work to do," Dr. Nicole Alexander-Scott, director designee at the Rhode Island Department of Health, said in a statement. "This trend reminds us that we cannot become complacent."

The department, according to a written statement, found that high-risk behavior, including “using social media to arrange casual and often anonymous sexual encounters, having sex without a condom, having multiple sex partners, and having sex while under the influence of drugs or alcohol,” as well as increased testing, was the likely cause for the spike in STDs. While the department was able to track STD rates from 2013 through 2014, national data is only available until 2013 and it’s unclear if STDs are going up nationally, as well.

At least one other county has seen a startling rise in STDs, and it is such a problem that health officials at the STD clinic for Salt Lake County, Utah, have started to ask about specific dating apps when meeting with patients.

Lynn Beltran, an epidemiologist at the clinic, said she’s not surprised to see a rise in STDs, given the rise of those dating apps and what she sees as changing attitudes on sexual relations.

“It’s been the perfect storm,” said Beltran. “Our attitude kind of shifted, where it became more acceptable to engage in casual sex ... then to find someone in a certain mile radius.”

Beltran said she and her team ask about the dating apps to understand if patients' partners could be at risk. She said that when websites were more popular, she and her staff would register as users to reach out to people who may have been exposed to STDs, including HIV. Now that apps are more popular, she said, it is more difficult to reach out and alert users of potential exposure.

“My staff would register as users on those on sites and go in and send them a message,” she told ABC News. “They would go on and say, 'Can you please call me? I have some important medical information for you.'”

In her county, she said, she has seen an uptick in syphilis and gonorrhea, and many of the newly diagnosed patients say they are sexually active through dating apps.

Some HIV experts say the dating apps likely are not to blame, but instead blame a lack of funding for education and prevention.

“Don’t blame social media -- this is about our failure to provide young people with comprehensive, effective sex education and access to condoms" and affordable medical care, said Anthony Hayes, managing director of public affairs and policy for the Gay Men's Health Crisis

He also cited lack of available medications that can help stop an HIV infection after exposure.

"Until we make these crucial investments that will save lives and money, these numbers are going to keep going up," he said.

Beltran added that the Rhode Island report does not mean people should be shamed for using dating sites, but that they should be educated on staying safe.

“I think this is the wave of the future, and we need to approach it not with a shame,” she said.

She said it will be important for health departments are able to “help people be informed and know what their risks are.”

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Creatas/Thinkstock(LONDON) -- Twin sisters Florence Davies and Glenys Thomas, both 103, have died within weeks of each other at their home care center in the United Kingdom.

"It was a huge privilege for all of us at Abermill to care for two such wonderful ladies," said Christine Tipper, Abermill Care Home's deputy manager. "They both made such a positive impact on the life at the home and will be hugely missed by all of us here and by their family and friends."

Thomas passed away on Thursday, April 23, just 27 days before Davies, who died on Wednesday, May 20.

The sisters, who were born on Nov. 22, 1911, had five children, 12 grandchildren and 19 great grandchildren between them.

A spokesman at Abermill Care Home said that Thomas and Davies enjoyed spending time together in the communal lounge area and lived in rooms a couple of doors down from one another.

“They even built an interior door joining their two kitchens to make it even easier for them to see each other," the spokesman added.

Thomas and Davies' deaths came months after celebrating a 103rd birthday party at Abermill with their loved ones, staff and fellow residents.

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