Coloriffic/iStock/Thinkstock(ROSWELL, Ga.) -- A Georgia teen who received a heart transplant less than two years ago has died in a car accident while fleeing police, according to officials.
Anthony Stokes, 17, was driving a car that matched the description of a car used to flee a home burglary, in which a masked person allegedly shot a gun at an 81-year-old woman who was home watching television, Roswell Police spokeswoman Officer Lisa Holland told ABC News.
When officers tried to pull the vehicle over, the driver allegedly refused to stop, and they chased him, she said.
"The car lost control at an intersection, ran over a curb, hit a pedestrian and ran into big, metal pole," Holland said.
Stokes died Tuesday night from injuries sustained in the crash.
Stokes had an enlarged heart in 2013 and was given six months to live without a heart transplant. At the time, doctors said they wouldn't give him a transplant because of "noncompliance," which means they didn't think he could be trusted to follow medical directions.
His mother, Melencia Hamilton, told ABC News at the time that she thought doctors made their decision to deny Anthony because he had low grades and trouble with the law.
"He was just fighting," Hamilton said. "Trying to take up, just trying to take up for his brother because somebody was bullying his brother."
The hospital then reversed its decision, and Stokes underwent the transplant in August 2013.
NYU Langone bioethicist Art Caplan said Stokes's case was a difficult one to begin with, but Tuesday's events don't change anything.
"The bottom line is I don't really think today's sad events mean two years ago we shouldn't have given him a chance," Caplan said. "We didn't know what would happen to him."
He said even prisoners are sometimes given organ transplants, and teens, who are often not good at complying with medical directions, get organ transplants all the time.
"You almost always have to live with some people who are going to get into things post-transplant that we might not like," he said. "That's just humanity."
moodboard/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration released its "final guidance" on opioid painkillers with potentially abuse-deterrent properties on Wednesday.
In the 29-page report, the FDA aimed to explain its "current thinking about the studies that should be conducted to demonstrate that a given formulation has abuse-deterrent properties." The FDA notes that opioid drugs provide "significant benefit for patients when used properly," but that the risk of abuse and death are worrisome.
Because of that, the FDA is encouraging manufacturers to develop drugs that work correctly when taken as prescribed, but make it difficult to abuse. "While drugs with abuse-deterrent properties are not 'abuse-proof,' the FDA sees this guidance as an important step toward balancing appropriate access to opioids for patients with pain with the importance of reducing opioid misuse and abuse," an FDA press release reads.
FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg said in a statement that "the science of abuse-deterrent medication is rapidly evolving, and the FDA is eager to engage with manufacturers to help make these medications available to patients who need them."
iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Eli Thompson came into this world in the late afternoon of March 4, perfectly healthy but with one distinction -- he didn't have a nose.
"The day I delivered, everything went fine," his mother, Brandi McGlathery, told ABC News Wednesday. "At 4:42 when he was born, he came out and the doctor put him on my chest. When I took a closer look at him, I said, 'He doesn't have a nose,' and they took him out of the room."
"He had the most apologetic look on my face," she said. "I knew right away that something was wrong."
Although her baby showed no signs of additional abnormalities, McGlathery said she was at first shocked and upset to hear the news from her doctor.
Dr. R. Craig Brown, McGlathery's obstetrician, said his own research has revealed only 38 cases of "absolutely nothing being wrong other than no nose." That's very, very rare.
"I've seen facial abnormalities, cleft lip and pallet, but this is the first time I've seen a case with just no nose," Brown told ABC News.
McGlathery became Brown's patient early in her pregnancy, he said, noting that the 23-year-old mom of three showed no signs of a high risks, and tests showed Eli to have a nasal bone.
"She came in right at 37 weeks and went into labor," Brown said. "Once I delivered him and we cleaned him off I could tell something wasn't right, but I didn't want to alarm her."
Other than not having a nose, "he's doing great," Brown said. "He's a super cute kid and you could tell he was fighting."
"I recounted everything I did throughout my pregnancy to figure out if I did something wrong," McGlathery said. "I realized it was nothing anyone did. I mean, he's perfect. I'm not going to say I was sad. I was just scared for him because I didn't think he'd make it."
Because Eli was born without a nose, he must use a tracheostomy, a tube that will assist his breathing.
McGlathery said she and her family have all been trained in controlling her child's equipment, and all received CPR training.
"After I realized nothing wrong was him health-wise, I was scared what other people would say," McGlathery said. "I don't ever want my son to come home and say 'mommy, somebody made fun of my nose.' But I also don't want others to pity him."
On March 30, McGlathery brought Eli home and she said he's been doing wonderfully since.
"He's an extremely happy baby and does cute stuff all the time," she said. "There's a reason aside from his health issue and not having a nose as to why we call him our miracle baby. He just tugs on people's heart strings. It's his demeanor."
"I don't think my son will ever have an idea of how much he's impacted people," McGlathery added. "He's definitely started something and has got a big purpose in life. He's going to have one hell of a testimony to tell people one day."
Steve Granitz/WireImage(NEW YORK) -- Legendary folk singer Joni Mitchell's health scare is drawing attention to the fact that she's said in the past that she has Morgellons disease, a rare and controversial illness characterized by a crawling sensation on the skin with no apparent cause.
Mitchell was found unconscious in her home Tuesday and rushed to the hospital, according to her official website. As of Tuesday night, she was "awake and in good spirits," the website reported.
Health experts say there could be any number of reasons Mitchell, 71, collapsed, but Morgellons disease probably isn't one of them.
Morgellons disease is a mysterious condition, prompting experts to debate whether it is a skin condition, a psychological condition, a neurological condition, an allergy or something else, said Dr. Kevin Cooper, who chairs the dermatology department at U.H. Case Medical Center in Cleveland.
These patients feel that there's something wrong with their skin, causing them to scratch and dig at it, creating open wounds and scabs, he said, adding that they don't always believe they caused the wounds. They often bring bags to dermatologists containing "fibers" they pulled from their skin, but these fibers can be anything from their own hairs to cotton fibers that had become stuck in their scabs.
"Generally when we biopsy it, we don't see much," he said. "Just erosion. The top of the skin has been scratched off or died spontaneously. So patients are pretty miserable."
Many Morgellons patients think bugs are crawling on their skin he said, but when they exterminate their homes, they find nothing, Cooper said. Some are diagnosed with delusions of parasitosis, but they don't agree with it, he said.
Cooper said even when nothing's touching you, there's a sort of "static hum" of sensation that your skin feels. For patients with Morgellons, Cooper said perhaps that hum is turned up, resulting in a crawling sensation.
Other symptoms include fatigue, short-term memory loss and trouble concentrating, according to the Mayo Clinic website. Middle-aged white women are most likely to have it, according to the site.
He said the disease is vague, varies from patient to patient and could have multiple causes.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention studied a cluster of 115 women in northern California who said they had Morgellons disease. Investigators concluded in 2012 that the illness was not caused by anything infectious or environmental.
Jeremy Fleming/Furman University(NEW YORK) -- Jake Kinsley sees himself as an average student who plays baseball for his college.
Three years ago, the now 22-year-old was presented with what he said was an amazing opportunity to help save a life.
"It started back when I was a freshman," said Kinsley, who attends Furman University in South Carolina. "My assistant coach had a relative who needed a bone marrow transplant, so I signed up."
Kinsley, who registered at 18 years old, told ABC News that he signed up with the national marrow donor program, Be The Match.
He was eventually notified that he was not a match for his coach's family member.
"I didn’t even think about it after a while," he said. "They'd send me mail to remind me that I signed up, but it wasn't really on my mind."
In mid-February, Kinsley received a phone call that he said completely shocked him.
"It came up three years later saying I was a potential match and asked if I was willing to donate to this lady," he said. "I never thought twice about being able to give."
After an additional look into his health background, it was determined that Kinsley was a perfect match for the person in need of a bone marrow transplant.
The donation was set for March 30.
"On average, 1 in 540 U.S. Be The Match Registry members go on to donate to a patient," a Be The Match spokesperson told ABC News. "Most donors typically back to their normal routine in a few days. The donor's marrow naturally replaces itself in four to six weeks."
Kinsley went in for the four-hour procedure on Monday.
Since he's now weakened by the process, doctors told him that he should sit out as catcher for his next few baseball games.
"Last night I missed the game against Clemson and will probably miss another four games," Kinsley said. "Being able to give up some of my senior year of baseball is nothing compared to being about to help someone out."
Due to patient confidentiality, it is unclear who received Kinsley's bone marrow donation.
Be The Match confirmed that if both parties are in the U.S. and consent after one year, then they are able to exchange contact information.
"I guess it's to allow her to heal in privacy," Kinsley said. "But I’m definitely going to try and take advantage of that and see the impact it made when I'm allowed to."
"I'd also like to say that I feel there's a lot of misconception donating for bone marrow and that’s why I think there's so few matches out there. I think people are scared and that it's painful. It's really a non-invasive procedure and I would really encourage people to sign up at Be The Match," he added.
iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- If you gotten taken in by an April Fool's Day prank don't be embarrassed, it turns out we're hardwired to be gullible.
According to experts, the human brain has evolved to sometimes override our clear sensory perceptions of the world around us, meaning sometimes we fall for a good prank.
Dr. Adam Gazzaley, a neuroscientist and professor at the University of California San Francisco Medical School, said humans can override our basic "bottom up" sensory perception of the world with "top down" processing, meaning we can override natural instincts with rationalizations.
Gazzaley explains that this could mean ignoring what's going in the physical world around us because we believe we "know" better than what our sense are telling us.
"It’s based on memories and experiences and that is really a powerful force and an overwhelming force in humans that shape how we view the world," explained Gazzaley, of human perceptions of the world around us.
Gazzaley said one example of "top down" processing overriding our "bottom up" perceptions would be missing a close friend on the street because you're engrossed in your phone screen. Another clear example is going to see a magic show and trying to figure out how the trick is performed, but being unable to.
"In the whole misdirection thing when [the magician is] showing you their hand, your experience is telling you this is important," said Gazzaley. "But they're doing something with the other hand."
Gazzaley said magicians have told him that intoxicated people are better at figuring out the trick because their "top down" processing is dulled.
"You set up your whole belief system based on memories and goals. It shapes your reality in a way that is not exactly corresponding with more on the surface reality," said Gazzaley. "It could create the type of illusions that magicians thrive on."
Gazzaley said as a result, people can easily be taken in by a good April Fool's prank.
"April fool’s jokes...play off across your belief structure and your view of reality to create something that in other circumstances isn’t that believable," he said.
In addition to the "top down" fake out, there's also scare tactic pranks that humans are hard-wired to respond to, according to experts.
Dr. Tanvir Syed, a neurologist at the University Hospitals Case Medical Center in Cleveland, said that the brain is designed to perceive any threat as real, even if it's a rubber snake.
"The way we process any kind of stimulus is by threat level," said Syed. "The way our nervous system is, we respond to threats very quickly...to prepare us for fight or flight."
That means if someone decides to try and prank you with something that scares you, you're likely not going to be able to remain calm and collected. Syed said your brain would rather react to a threat -- even a fake threat -- than be injured.
Even if you try to plan ahead and have no reaction to a prank designed to scare you, Syed says you'll likely have a subconscious response to any threat, which is "100 times more powerful" than the conscious mind in terms of brain synapses.
iStock/Thinkstock(LOUGHBOROUGH, England) — Choosing your occupation is one thing. Choosing the number of hours you work is an entirely different matter altogether, which may not be in your power.
However, Andy Charlwood, a professor of human resource management at Loughborough University, says if workers did get to pick the amount of hours they spent on the job weekly, it would improve their spirits and probably their performance.
In studying the working-time patterns of 20,000 adults over 18 years, Charlwood and his team discovered that over half of those working 50 hours or more weekly and 40 more percent working 40-to-49 hours preferred to put in fewer hours.
The obvious drawbacks of being overworked, according to Charlwood, are deterioration of life satisfaction as well as added stress.
Ultimately, he says that “government and employer policies need to give workers greater flexibility to choose the hours that they work.”
Stockbyte/Thinkstock(DALLAS) — On the surface, carpal tunnel syndrome and migraine headaches don’t seem to be connected but a new study reports that these painful connections are apparently linked.
Dr. Huay-Zong Law of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas says that they actually share a “common systemic or neurological factor.”
Law and his team, after analyzing the data found in a health survey of 26,000 U.S. adults, learned that a third of people with carpal tunnel syndrome, a numbness and weakness of the hand, also complained of debilitating headaches known as migraines.
What’s more, twice as many people with migraines had carpal tunnel syndrome than those who didn’t have migraines.
Delving further into the study, Law discovered that migraines and carpal tunnel syndrome share several risk factors, including obesity, diabetes, smoking and being a woman.
Still, Law cautioned the exact connection between the two conditions is not totally clear.
iStock/Thinkstock(OXFORD, England) — Ah, bacon. It tastes good. It smells good. And yes, it sounds good too.
Charles Spence, an experimental psychologist at Oxford University who also fancies himself a food sensory expert, says what really turns people on about bacon and other culinary delights are the pleasant sensations they provide the ear rather than the taste buds or nose.
Although many of Spence’s peers believe he’s a bit daft, he says he can back up his claim with a study in which people used various descriptive words to explain what they liked about 79 foods.
According to Spence, the word “crisp” was used three times as much as other descriptors because "crisp" indicates freshness.
University of Leeds researchers also gave Spence more ammunition when participants in a bacon experiment said that crunchiness was crucial to what makes up the perfect BLT.
As Spence explains it, people are enamored with the textural properties of food as they're biting or chewing it while the actual sound made while eating seems to affect the perception of flavor.
He adds that as people age and start to lose their senses of taste and smell, the ambient quality of food might compensate for these deficiencies.
Photo by Eric Francis/Getty Images(OMAHA, Neb.) -- The five people at Nebraska Medicine being monitored after being exposed to the Ebola virus in Sierra Leone have reached the end of the quarantine period.
According to a statement from the senior media relations coordinator for Nebraska Medicine, none of the five have been determined to have contracted Ebola. Four of the five patients left the Omaha area.
The fifth patient, the hospital said, had a cardiac-related issue over the weekend, but was discharged from the hospital. That patient will leave the Omaha area soon.
University of Nottingham(NEW YORK) -- A relatively new super bug may have met its match in a 1,000-year-old eye treatment, according to researchers from the University of Nottingham.
The recipe to cure eye infections comes from Bald’s Leechbook, an old English leather-bound tome that was buried deep within the British Library in London. When scientists painstakingly followed a step-by-step recipe to recreate the old-world salve, they found it killed over 90 percent of a Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus -- also known as the MRSA bacteria -- that was grown in a petri dish of mouse cells.
The tenth-century concoction contained two species of allium (garlic, plus either onion or leek), wine from a vineyard that has existed since the ninth century and oxgall, the bile from a cow’s stomach. A very specific set of instructions included brewing the solution in a brass vessel, straining it through a cloth and then letting the mixture sit for nine days before use.
The researchers concluded it wasn’t one particular ingredient that did the trick but rather the entire recipe.
“We thought that Bald’s eye salve might show a small amount of antibiotic activity, because each of the ingredients has been shown by other researchers to have some effect on bacteria in the lab," Freya Harrison, one of the lead Nottingham researchers, said in a statement. “But we were absolutely blown away by just how effective the combination of ingredients was.”
Each year, 90,000 Americans suffer from invasive MRSA infection, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It has become one of the most antibiotic-resistant bugs known, costing billions of dollars in health care spending and killing about 20,000 yearly. The CDC says MRSA is a particular threat in hospital settings, though in recent years infections from the deadly virus have declined by over 50 percent.
While the results of the experiment are intriguing, the team is looking for more funding to see if the treatment has any practical application in the real world. The preliminary results done using the simple mouse cells were presented at the annual conference of the Society for General Microbiology in Birmingham earlier this week.
ABC News(NEW YORK) -- When 4-year-old Allen Howe went from being a little goofball to being unable to move 80 percent of his body, his mother was in tears. Days earlier, he had a fever and a cough.
"I felt helpless," Teresa Howe told ABC News' Nightline in December. "He was lying in bed and he literally was screaming, 'Help me, Mom,' and I'm just bawling."
Allen was among the small fraction of children with the respiratory illness enterovirus 68 to develop sudden unexplained paralysis after the initial severe flu-like symptoms. Allen and the others are reportedly recovering, but doctors at the University of San Francisco set out to figure out why the paralysis set in to begin with -- and why only some children were hit.
Federal and state health officials have confirmed 1,153 enterovirus 68 cases in 49 states and Washington, D.C., from August through January. Fourteen patients died, and several clusters developed polio-like paralysis.
Doctors now know that the paralysis and weakness is brought on by acute flaccid myelitis, or inflammation of the nerve cells, but it's tough to say how it's connected to the virus, experts say.
Dr. Charles Chiu and his team at UCSF studied 25 patients who developed paralysis in California and Colorado for their study published this week in the medical journal The Lancet. They found that of two siblings with identical strains of enterovirus 68, only one developed paralysis, leading Chiu to suspect that the virus alone may not be at fault for the paralysis. It could be an abnormal immune system response.
"This suggests that it's not only the virus, but also patients' individual biology that determines what disease they may present with," Chiu said in a statement.
The researchers also noticed that they didn't find traces of the virus in the cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the inflamed nerve cells, leading them to believe the virus wasn't directly attacking them. Chiu said it's crucial to continue searching for answers.
"Given that none of the children have fully recovered, we urgently need to continue investigating this new strain of EV-D68 [enterovirus 69] and its potential to cause acute flaccid myelitis," he said.
The peak enterovirus season has been over for some time, but Dr. Kathryn Miller, assistant professor of pediatrics at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee, said it could come back next year.
As a mother of four, she said she thinks it's important to remember that cases will go away like normal colds. Parents should remind their children to wash their hands thoroughly, and if a child's cold seems more severe than usual, parents should call their family doctor.
Great American Ball Park(CINCINNATI) -- Baseball-loving moms with babies everywhere can root, root, root for the Reds -- even if they're Cards fans.
The Cincinnati Reds have debuted what's thought to be the first suite in Major League Baseball for nursing moms and their offspring -- the Reds fans of the future.
During the off season, the Cincinnati Reds partnered with Pampers and local homebuilder Fischer Homes to create the suite.
The decision was made after Reds Chief Operating Officer Phil Castellini was informed by the Great American Ball Park operations staff that an increasing number of moms were requesting a quiet and private place to feed their babies while at a Reds game.
The suite features gliders, changing station, a kitchenette with a sink, ice and refrigerator, lockers for storing items and, most importantly, a flat-screen TV so mom doesn't miss a home run. It's located on the Suite Level near the Champions Club elevators.
The suite will be ready to welcome tiny fans and moms on April 6 to coincide with Opening Day.
Leanne Lane(NEW YORK) -- March 27 was a big day for 'Bubble Boy' Seth Lane, the 5-year-old who was born without an immune system.
Trending worldwide, the social media campaign #WearYellowForSeth grabbed the attention of Seth fans from all over the globe.
On Tuesday, Seth embarks on the first step towards having the bone marrow transplant that could potentially save his life.
"He's doing generally okay," mom Leanne Lane told ABC News. "He’s having an operation today to have his gallbladder out so so he can have his chemotherapy. He's in there right now."
"This is new for us. He's never had any operations on his organs before. He gets upset. He just says 'mummy and daddy' over and over again, but we’ll be outside waiting until hes awake," she said.
Despite her little boy having to go through surgery on Tuesday, Lane said that Seth was overjoyed about the amount of people who wore yellow for him on Friday.
"Friday was amazing," she said. "The hospital did a lot there, even the local firemen came to see him and put a ladder up to his window. He [Seth] was shell-shocked."
"It was so busy, we couldn’t even keep up. Obviously there was Ashton Kutcher and 'Paw Patrol.' They did all pups in yellow and sent him a voice message. Seth thought it was brilliant," Lane said.
"On Saturday morning he said 'is everyone going to wear yellow again today?'" she added.
Celebrities like Joe Jonas and Fifth Harmony's AllyBrooke joined Kutcher in wearing yellow. Television crews, retail stores, and even the cast of Sesame Street, tweeted in support of Seth.
"There was a time difference between the UK and America and once America woke up, it went crazy again," Lane said. "It's really hard to put that in words. We just want to say thank you. He's one little boy in England who's five years old and it makes us feel amazing that people care so much. On Friday and Saturday Seth spent the whole day out of his bed and it really picked him up."
"People have been messaging me saying it's inspired them to register to give bone marrow. If they can help one person that’s amazing," she said.
Because Seth is on steroids, Lane said it will slow down his recovery process.
She added that if all runs smoothly, Seth's doctors will perform the transplant in three to four weeks.